Foot and ankle pain can have many causes, and depending on your specific patient history, the physicians at MidJersey Orthopaedics will recommend a customized treatment to relieve your foot and ankle pain. We use the latest treatments in podiatry, sports medicine, and orthopedics to help our patients get back to the activities they love.
Foot and Ankle Injuries
- Toe and forefoot fractures: If you experience pain or swelling in the foot, you may have suffered a fracture, a break in one of the many foot and ankle bones.
- Sprained ankle: Ankle sprains occur when the tendons supporting the ankle are strained. Some sprains will heal on their own with rest, but if pain persists, you should consult with a doctor.
- Broken ankle: Broken ankles can occur because of stress placed on the ankle, rolling the ankle, or during a fall. Depending on the severity of the break, your doctor will recommend either a surgical or non-surgical treatment, but a doctor’s diagnosis will be required.
- Fractures of the heel: Heel fractures will also require doctor consultation to determine if surgical or non-surgical treatment will be best option for the patient. Heel fractures can be caused for similar reasons to ankle breaks including stress on the heel or a fall.
- Stress Fractures: Stress fractures occur as a result absorbing to much force such as when you switch surfaces when jogging.
- Other Overuse Injuries of the foot and ankle: Tendinosis and tendonitis can occur in any of the many tendons in the foot and ankle, and these need accurate diagnosis and specific treatment recommendations. Also, overuse pain can occur in the growth plates of our younger athletes.
- Bunions: Bunions appear as bony bumps that form at the joint.
- Stiff big toe (hallux rigidus): This is a stiff joint which occurs as the result of arthritis.
- Hammer toe: A hammer toe occurs when a toe is bent at the middle joint, resembling a hammer.
- Heel pain: General heel pain can be caused by several reasons, but if the pain persists, you should consult one of our foot and ankle physicians to determine the cause of the pain.
- Plantar fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia is strained and torn. If left untreated the condition can cause chronic pain.
- Arthritis of the foot and ankle: Arthritis comes in different forms as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis in the foot can cause chronic pain and should be addressed.
- Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: This disorder occurs when the tibial tendon is strained and possibly torn, resulting in the tendon no longer being able to provide stability in the ankle.
- Adult (acquired) flatfoot: Flatfoot or flatfeet is the result of a fallen arch in the foot. While some people have fallen arches all of their lives, others acquire fallen arches later in life.
- Corns: Hardened area on the foot. Typically on or around the toes. Shoe choice is recommended to change.
- In-grown toenails:As toenails grow, it can get caught under the skin causing pain and possibly infection. Treatment consists of removing the in-grown nail portion or the entirety of the nail.
- Plantar warts: Warts are viruses and there are a variety of treatment options.
- Callouses: Thick, hardened skin that can exist on the bottom of the foot. Non-surgical treatment is used to remove callouses.
- Diabetic neuropathy and deformities
Because the foot and ankle are complex in design and function, different treatments are used to treat ailments in the foot and ankle. Common treatments for injuries and other disorders of the foot and ankle include:
- Orthotic devices
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Invasive surgery
- Physical therapy
- Preventative Foot Care
- Accommodative and Custom Shoe Prescriptions
- Shoe inserts
To find out more information about Foot and Ankle injuries, please visit the Orthopaedics connection website of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.