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Elbow Diagnoses and Treatments


At MidJersey Orthopaedics, we treat diseases of the elbow and the surrounding tendons and tissues. Our treatment philosophy centers on learning as much as we can about a patient’s personal history to recommend the best treatment plan for each individual who comes through our doors.

Disorders of the Elbow

  • Arthritis: Arthritis can come in different forms, including osteoarthritis, where the cartilage in joints begins to break down, and rheumatoid arthritis, where the joints become inflamed.
  • Biceps tendinosis: Bicep tendinosis occurs when the tendon around the bicep muscle becomes inflamed. The disorder is caused by the degeneration of the tendon, usually from athletics that require overhead movement or from the natural aging process.
  • Rupture of the biceps tendon: The bicep muscle can tear completely or partially, resulting in a frayed muscle. Results of a bicep tear can include pain and reduced strength when turning your hands over.
  • Dislocated elbow: A dislocated elbow is the result of your elbow joint being forced out of alignment. This often occurs as a result of pressure being applied to the joint – for example falling, and landing on your open palm.
  • Radial head fractures: These fractures are often the result of a fall when the palm is open and you instinctively try to land on your hand. The force of the fall sometimes travels up your arm, dislocating the elbow and possibly fracturing the radius bone in the arm.
  • Bursitis: Bursitis is a condition where the small fluid-filled sack between joints become inflamed. While bursitis can occur in the elbow, it is not limited to the elbow joint.
  • Olecranon fractures: This fracture occurs in the area of the elbow we are most familiar with – the very tip of the elbow, which can be easily seen when the arm is bent. Fractures to this area of the elbow typically occur while the joint is bent and the olecranon is exposed.
  • Tennis elbow: While the condition is named after a sport, tennis elbow is a disorder which occurs simply from excessive repetitive motions of the joint. Tennis elbow symptoms include severe pain in the joint that can also travel to the forearm and wrist.
  • Ulnar nerve entrapment: The ulnar nerve is one of the three main nerves in the arm and travels from the neck all the down to the end of the arm. The nerve can become compressed in several areas including the elbow. Symptoms of the disorder include numbness and tingling in the fingers.


Conservative Treatment: Some elbow conditions can be treated with a combination of rest, anti-inflammatory injections, Platelet Rich Plasma injections, and physical therapy.

Surgery: Depending on the severity of your injury, surgery may be the best option to treat your elbow pain. Surgeries range from a minimally invasive arthroscopy, to possibly replacing tendons in the elbow.

Find out more about The Elbow from the Orthopaedics connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Meet our Elbow Practitioners

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